Technical Note

Abstract—Interaction of humans and computer agents should be harmonized by adapting the automation level of IT systems, to maintain a high performance for the system, in the changing environmental conditions. This research presents an expert system for realization of adaptive autonomy (AA), using Petri nets, referred to as AAPNES. The design is based on the practical list of environmental conditions and superior experts' judgments. As revealed by the results, the presented AAPNES can effectively determine the proper level of automation for the changing performance shaping factors of human-automation interaction systems in the smart grid.

Keywords-adaptive autonomy; expert system; Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), Human-Automation Interaction (HAI); Petri nest; power distribution automation; smart grid; Level of Automation (LOA); Performance Shaping Factors (PSFs)formatting)